On 1 February 2016 WHO announced that a cluster of microcephaly and other neurologic disorders reported in Brazil is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Several countries have reported an increase in the incidence of cases of microcephaly and/or Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) concurrent with Zika virus outbreak . A causal relationship between Zika infection during pregnancy and microcephaly is strongly suspected, though not scientifically proven (4).
This document describes guidance for a supportive response by healthcare providers (e.g. physicians,nurses), focusing primarily on women affected by Zika virus infection during pregnancy and their families, for their mental health and psychosocial needs. Healthcare workers need to collaborate with colleagues in other sectors (e.g. social work, education) for a coordinated mental health and psychosocial response.This guidance for healthcare providers suggests strategies that can be helpful when consulting with pregnant women with suspected or confirmed Zika virus infection, pregnant women who know they carry a child with suspected microcephaly and Caregivers and families of an infant with microcephaly