Ethno-demographic grievances define the conflict between Buddhist and Rohingya-Muslim populations in the Rakhine State of Myanmar. Due to the government’s decision to avoid the enumeration of self-identifying Rohingya, this study has relied on several recent local surveys to reconstruct a local demographic description of the Rohingya.
This report focuses on vulnerable groups in Burma and access to basic services. The first part of the report outlines groups considered to be vulnerable and marginalised. These include minority ethnic groups (such as the Chin, Kachin, Karen, Karenni, Mon, Rohingyas, Shan). In some cases, minorities’ ethnic identity is closely linked with a religion other than the majority Buddhism. Other vulnerable groups are internally displaced persons (IDPs); women and girls; and children generally. Intersectionality of these identities can exacerbate vulnerability. For example, minority ethnic groups often live in conflict zones or areas with government authorised development projects.
They are thus more likely to suffer from internal displacement, which brings additional challenges and insecurities. Additionally, women and girls from ethnic minority groups may be specifically targeted by armed forces and become victims of sexual violence.The second part of the report discusses barriers to accessing basic services,