The authors present current evidence on how climate change impacts on social and environmental determinants of health and the link between these determinants and the vulnerability of local communities. They outline proven community-based interventions that local populations in developing countries can scale-up and take ownership of in order to strengthen their resilience to climate-sensitive diseases and conditions.
This briefing note summarises the rationale behind a symposium held in South Africa, which objectives were: to provide a quick overview of gender-sensitive practices which have been effective in preventing and coping with HIV/AIDS in communities in the aftermath of violent conflict; to identify strategies that empower men and women recently affected by violent conflict to engage more effectively in HIV/AIDS prevention; and to explore the practical implications of HIV/AIDS prevention for building sustainable peace.
HIV and AIDS remains a starkly gendered epidemic in the African region. Sub-Saharan Africans represent 68 percent of HIV+ people globally, with an average of 13 women infected for every 10 men. While men as a group have lower prevalence rates than women, local studies have also shown that amongst men, men who have sex with men (MSM) face greater vulnerability to HIV infection than heterosexual men. These gendered realities make it imperative to analyse and contest the influence of sexist and homophobic fundamentalist actors on policy and popular discourse across Africa. Drawing on interviews with African and international HIV and AIDS activists, women’s rights activists, and academic and policy research, this case study explores the agendas, strategies, and influence of Christian fundamentalist actors in HIV and AIDS responses in the African region.
It examines how Christian fundamentalist engagement in the HIV and AIDS sector has supported the moralistic patriarchal discourses around sexuality,
Intorductory article to edition of International Peacekeeping which explores HIV/AIDS in post-conflict societies in Africa. It assesses the key aspects of these societies that contribute towards the spread and impact of the epidemic, such as poorly functioning national health systems, marginalisation of vulnerable mobile populations, and rigidified gender norms.
It also explores practical approaches to addressing these and other challenges, and innovative means of responding to HIV/AIDS during the periods of opportunity that post-conflict settings provide.
The current project, Infectious Diseases: preparing for the future, looks ahead10–25 years. Its aim has been to assess the future threat of diseases in plants, animals and humans, and to develop a vision of how those challenges could be managed through new systems for disease detection, identification and monitoring (DIM).
Africa has been a key consideration, in line with the priorities of the UK presidencies of the G8 and EU in 2005. This report brings together all of the African strands of the project.