This working paper lays out the current state of knowledge regarding direct and indirect impacts of environmental factors on health across Africa. While there are many uncertainties in magnitudes of climate change, particularly with timing, the existing literature makes interesting observations about potential health impacts and the populations that could be most at risk.

The working paper presents the potential impacts climate change may have on human health and analyses the various direct and indirect impacts that climate change will have on African populations. Due to the emerging nature of the issue and literature, there are many gaps in knowledge on the impacts climate change will have on human health.