This brief is a rapid synthesis of socio-behavioural evidence relating to the 2022 cholera outbreak in Malawi intended for national and international response partners. It focuses on interpreting this evidence to inform the design and delivery of effective communication and engagement strategies putting communities at the centre of the response. First, it describes cholera in Malawi and access to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and health services. The brief goes on to explore approaches for risk communication and community engagement (RCCE) when responding to cholera outbreaks, including considerations for case-area targeted interventions (CATI). It concludes by identifying knowledge gaps and opportunities and offers suggestions on using socio-behavioural evidence related to RCCE as part of a comprehensive cholera response in Malawi and across the East and Southern Africa region.