The end of the 1998-2003 Congolese war was symbolised by the signing of the ‘All-Inclusive Agreement’ in December 2002. However, due to the continued proliferation of national and foreign armed groups and unaddressed community grievances, this agreement did not bring peace and stability. A series of further agreements have followed between warring partners, between communities, and between other opposing parties. The most recent example includes a peace agreement, signed in February 2020, between the Congolese government and the FRPI, the largest armed group still operating in Ituri province. Overall, there has been an increasing trend in which “local agreements” in eastern DRC are used to dismantle armed rebellions, settle land conflicts, and increasingly, deal with localized disputes between individual farmers and family members. This Congo Research Brief focuses on these local agreements and mediation efforts that attempt to reduce land-related conflict and violence in North Kivu, South Kivu, and Ituri.