This Congo Research Brief contributes to a better understanding of sponteneous return processes of ex-combtants. Its conclusions are based on a survey on the return of former combatants which was carried out in the province of South Kivu. The survey aimed to understand the perspectives of ex-combatants on different dimensions of their experiences of return and was deployed in the city of Bukavu and in several localities around Bunyakiri in the territory of Kalehe.