While the majority of interventions against HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria had positive short-term effects, these were frequently not translated into long-term sustainable results.Cash transfers may have the potential of reducing HIV transmissions but the effect is so far insignificant.Increased access to HIV/AIDS treatment and nutrition results in significant improvements in employment and productivity.

While microcredit interventions have a positive effect on household income of patients, access to these loans among individuals who are very poor or who have bad credit histories, and who are usually the most affected by these diseases, continues to be limited. Out-of-pocket spending on transportation, cost of diagnosis, and care continue to be catastrophic among families affected by these diseases even when access to treatment itself is facilitated.