Drawing on feminist critical theory, this ethnographic study in Casamance examined how gender roles affect women and women organisations strive for peace. The research shows how embedded gender roles in the Senegalese society and the patriarchal system dominate, making it difficult for women to gain access and agency in the peace process. However, the thesis also shows the diversity of women organisations work and how they strive to gain agency and how they little by little are gaining ground by being organised around a common ground