This paper is a synthesis of key findings from research undertaken with the BRACED research portfolio which aimed to influence and strengthen the delivery of BRACED programming in South Sudan and national and subnational climate related programming in the future. Key findings included: climate change and conflict are poorly correlated in South Sudan; there is extensive knowledge of drought and flood resistant sorghum at the local level; many communities believe flood and drought is God-sent and they have low levels of power to tackle it; women are deeply affected by a changing climate given their dependence on natural resources; and land tenure and the management of commons areas may offer opportunities for peace dividends and conflict resolution. These findings offer opportunities for stakeholders in South Sudan to work together for meaningful change. These changes will need to occur at micro, meso and macro levels to be transformative in nature.