The study examines the relationship between climatic factors and reported malaria cases using data from 12 districts in Uganda over the period 2000-2011. A panel dataset comprising temperature, temperature standard deviation; minimum humidity; maximum humidity; precipitation; precipitation standard deviation; malaria cases; health facilities; hospital beds; health workers; per capita health expenditure and gross domestic product per capita.

The Fixed Effects Model was found to be preferable. Health facilities, per capita GDP, the interaction of temperature and precipitation, the interaction of precipitation and variability in precipitation, maximum and minimum humidity have a significant positive effect on malaria cases. Hospital beds and health workers are significant and negatively related to malaria cases while per capita health expenditure, temperature, precipitation and variability in temperature have no effect