This study describes family planning awareness and needs among internally displaced women residing in the Mugunga camps in North Kivu, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. A cross-sectional survey of women from the Mugunga camps in March 2014 revealed that contraceptive knowledge was moderate, actual usage was low, and a considerable proportion reported a history of induced abortion. Efforts must be made to improve access to contraception to prevent unintended pregnancy, and to provide safe abortions and postabortion care.