Based on personal reflections of the authors who were engaged in mental health and psychosocial support programmes in South Sudan between 2013 and 2016, this article illustrates the constraints and challenges facing the sector at the time. The authors emphasise the importance of following an integrated, community-based model of psychosocial care.

To aid in achieving this, the paper explores the roles and responsibilities of different local stakeholders who can and should be involved in such community-based support.