Vaccines

UNICEF/UNI323955
Evidence Reviews

Rapid Review: Perceptions of COVID-19 vaccines in South Africa

This review draws on multiple secondary data sources to inform RCCE strategies and policies and provides examples of successful practice
SSHAP
2021
UNICEF/2020/S.Karahoda
blog
The end of the COVID-19 pandemic hinges on the success of a vaccine, but getting populations to accept and have confidence in one is a complicated process that requires an end to confusion and opacity and the advancement of "good politics".
8 Dec 2020
UNICEF/Obel
Briefings

Rapid Review: Vaccine Hesitancy and Building Confidence in COVID-19 Vaccination

This brief draws on social science literature and informal interviews with experts to illustrate that vaccine hesitancy is complex and context-specific, and often reflects diverse, everyday anxieties. It proposes strategies to guide actors involved in vaccine development, communication and deployment…
SSHAP
2020
Infographics

COVID-19: Going Beyond Misinformation To Build Vaccine Confidence

Boosting vaccine confidence requires far more than simply providing information.
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Urdaneta
Briefings

Clinical and Vaccine Trials for COVID-19: Key Considerations from Social Science

The following brief outlines how, and in what ways, social science can contribute to ongoing/future COVID-19 clinical and vaccine trials
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Keita
Briefings

COVID-19 Vaccine Deployment: Behaviour, Ethics, Misinformation and Policy Strategies

Rapid review offering policy recommendations for vaccine deployment
The British Academy and the Royal Society
2020
Infographics

COVID-19: Using Social Science in Clinical and Vaccine Trials

How can social science be used in COVID-19 clinical and vaccine trials?
SSHAP
2020

Public health measures

UNICEF/UN0414331

COVID-19 response: mitigating negative impacts on other areas of health

This analysis highlights the drivers and evidence of the negative impact of 'vertical’ responses focused primarily on preventing and containing COVID-19
BMJ Publishing Group
2021
UNICEF India/2021/Kuldeep Rohilla
Briefings

Smart Cities and COVID-19: Implications for Data Ecosystems from Lessons Learned in India

Best data practice recommendations for the use of technology for surveillance, fact-checking and coordinated control during crisis or emergency response.
SSHAP
2021
blog
How to appropriately design and implement shielding with community input, socioeconomic support, and trust
19 Oct 2020
UNI358244
Background Reports

Lockdowns and easing of restrictions: What can be done to adapt to local contexts and protect those who are vulnerable?

This SSHAP-Africa CDC Webinar brought together representatives of the Member States as well as from civil society organisations, humanitarian actors and professional organisations
SSHAP
2020
Photo credit: © UNICEF/Fauzan
Briefings

Key Considerations: Emerging Evidence on Shielding Vulnerable Groups During COVID-19

Considerations around the social acceptability and implementation of shielding in low- and middle-income countries
SSHAP
2020
Photo credit: UNICEF/Ijazah
Evidence Reviews

Broader Health Impacts of Vertical Responses to COVID-19 in Low- and Middle- Income Countries (LMICs)

Review of the effects of vertical responses to COVID-19 on health systems, services, and people’s access to and use of them in LMICs
SSHAP
2020
Infographics

COVID-19: Shielding Vulnerable Groups

Considerations around the social acceptability and implementation of shielding in low- and middle-income countries
SSHAP
2020
Infographics

COVID-19: Preventing Broader Health Impacts of Pandemic Responses

Review of the effects of vertical responses to COVID-19 on health systems, services, and people’s access to and use of them in LMICs
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Ijazah
Evidence Reviews

Considerations for Home and Community-Based Care for COVID-19

Why home care is important, and an overview of existing guidance and models, with an emphasis on low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs).
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Tesfaye
Briefings

Considerations and Principles for Shielding People at High Risk of Severe Outcomes from COVID-19

Including proposed approaches to shielding, who may be included in shielding groups, as well as the likely difficulties of these measures, and ways to mitigate them.
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF | UNI317934 | Cho
Briefings

Compliance with Physical Distancing Measures for COVID-19 and Implications for RCCE in Eastern and Southern Africa

Practical considerations for communication strategies and messaging on physical distancing.
SSHAP
2020
SISTEMA 12 (CC BY-SA)
Briefings

Quarantine in the Context of COVID-19

Key considerations relating to the design and impact of measures that restrict human movement patterns.
SSHAP
2020
Infographics

Shielding People At High Risk Of Severe Illness Or Death

Protecting people at high risk by limiting their contact with others during the COVID-19 outbreak.
SSHAP
2002
Infographics

Distancing In Eastern And Southern Africa

Why is physical distancing a challenge in Eastern and Southern Africa in the context of COVID-19?
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Naftalin
Briefings

Recommandations Clés pour les Équipes de Réponse Contre la MVE en Équateur

Évidences pour soutenir le MSP et les acteurs qui répondent à la 11ème épidémie d'Ebola en RDC
The Cellule d'Analyse en Sciences Sociales (CASS)
2020
UNICEF/Desjardins
Briefings

Perceptions et Impacts des Mesures COVID sur l’Utilisation et l’Accès aux Services de Santé

Une étude longitudinale sur les impacts secondaires des mesures COVID en Kinshasa
The Cellule d'Analyse en Sciences Sociales (CASS)
2020
UNICEF/UN0228780/Naftalin
Briefings

Social Sciences Research Guidance on HCW Surveys in Humanitarian Contexts

How can we use HCW surveys in humanitarian contexts?
The Cellule d’Analyse en Sciences Sociale (CASS)
2020
UNICEF/Nkoy
Briefings

Perceptions des Mesures Barrières pour la Prévention et le Contrôle du COVID-19

Une étude sur les options de protection des personnes vulnérables à domicile
The Cellule d'Analyse en Sciences Sociales (CASS)
2020

Vulnerabilities and precarity

UNICEF/UN0431147/Ryan Cortés
Briefings

Key Considerations: Indigenous Peoples in COVID-19 Response and Recovery

Key considerations for COVID-19 response and recovery in indigenous populations, with a particular focus on the Amazon region of South America
SSHAP
2021
UNICEF/UN0392520
Briefings

Community Resilience: Key Concepts and their Applications to Epidemic Shocks

Exploring how the concepts of community resilience can be applied to epidemics
SSHAP
2021
UNICEF/UN0351955
Briefings

Key Considerations: Operational Considerations for Building Community Resilience for COVID-19 Response and Recovery

How health and humanitarian practitioners can support communities to respond to, and recover from COVID-19 using a community resilience approach.
SSHAP
2021
UNICEF/Panjwani
Evidence Reviews

In-Focus: COVID-19, Uncertainty, Vulnerability and Recovery in India

How COVID-19 has intersected with and multiplied existing uncertainties faced by different vulnerable groups and communities in India
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/UNI371947/Cabral
Briefings

COVID-19 in LMICs: The Need to Place Stigma Front and Centre to its Response

This paper assesses potential driving factors of COVID-19-related stigma, and how this intersects with existing stigma fault lines and explores mechanisms through which COVID-19-related stigma may be counteracted, with a focus on LMICs
Institute of Development Studies
2020
UN072243
Case Studies

Psychological Resilience, Fragility and the Health Workforce: Lessons on Pandemic Preparedness from Liberia and Sierra Leone

Looking at evidence from Liberia and Sierra Leone, this paper shares learning on how to protect the mental health of health care workers in fragile settings.
ARISE
2020
Infographics

COVID-19: Supporting Forcibly Displaced People in the Middle East and East Africa

COVID-19 is compounding vulnerabilities experienced by populations forcibly displaced by war
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Spatari/AFP-Services
Evidence Reviews

The Emerging Lessons on Urban Vulnerability and Safety from COVID-19 in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Reflections on the socioeconomic impacts of COVID-19 in LMICs
Institute of Development Studies
2020
UNICEF/Albam
Evidence Reviews

Background Paper: COVID-19 in the Context of Forced Displacement: Perspectives from the Middle East and East Africa

How is the pandemic accentuating existing vulnerabilities of populations forcibly displaced by war?
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Souleiman
Briefings

Operational Considerations: COVID-19 and Forced Displacement in the Middle East and East Africa

Summary including collaborating with local groups and adopting holistic approaches.
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Ijazah
Briefings

COVID-19 Management in Marginalised Populations in Southeast Asia

Key considerations focusing on transnational migrants, informal workers, and people living in informal settlements.
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Sujan
Briefings

COVID-19 in the Context of Conflict and Displacement – Myanmar

Key considerations focusing on how conflict, displacement and inter-communal tensions may influence disease control in Myanmar.
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Ma
Briefings

COVID-19: Why Are Prisons at Particular Risk, and What Can Be Done to Mitigate This?

Particular risks associated with an outbreak in prisons in low-and middle-income countries and suggestions of some approaches that may be used to mitigate risks.
SSHAP
2020
Infographics

COVID-19: Strategies To Slow The Spread In Prisons

Prison populations are extremely vulnerable in this pandemic.
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF | UNI313626 | Ojo
Briefings

Key Considerations: COVID-19 in Informal Urban Settlements

Key considerations for protecting informal urban settlements from the spread and impacts of COVID-19.
SSHAP
2020
Infographics

Informal Urban Settlements and COVID-19

The potential burdens of COVID-19 in low- and middle-income cities are concerning.
SSHAP
2020
© Annie Wilkinson
blog
For many people living on the margins, crisis is already the norm and change is overdue.
10 Mar 2020
UNICEF/UNI173428/Schermbrucker
Briefings

The Psychological Needs of Healthcare Staff as a Result of the Coronavirus Pandemic

Considerations for the wellbeing needs of all healthcare staff (clinical and non-clinical)
The British Psychological Society
2020

Policy, evidence and governance

UNICEF/UNI358629
Briefings

6 Ways to Incorporate Social Context and Trust in Infodemic Management

This brief explains how social science can inform infodemiology by making it more attuned to different social, political and cultural contexts and to the relationships between people and formal institutions.
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Dejongh
blog
In a fast moving and changing world, all kinds of uncertainty will emerge. We need leaders who will listen and adapt. Clear government directives from above are key, but we also need good coordination of local action.
23 Mar 2020
SISTEMA 12 (CC BY-SA)
Briefings

Social Dimensions of the novel Coronavirus (nCoV) Outbreak and Response: Meeting Report

Report from a roundtable meeting at the Wellcome Trust, London, 3rd February 2020.
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Chan
Foresight Papers

COVID-19 Forum

A collection bringing together seventeen anthropologists and historians in an effort to share ideas, analytical frameworks and concerns about the ongoing epidemic from interdisciplinary perspectives.
Somatosphere
2020
UNICEF/Cui
blog
From the impact of city lockdowns to information control, fake news, medical supply shortages and impacts on social inequality, what can we learn from Wuhan?
5 Mar 2020
UNICEF/Cui
blog
More than ever, social scientists and health policy-makers will need to work well together to address this latest potential pandemic.
23 Jan 2020
Pippa Fowles / No 10 Downing Street. (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
blog
Disease responses may be informed by science (or rather multiple sciences), but they must be led by people.
16 Mar 2020
Matteo Caravani
blog
The revival of community and neighbourhood solidarities around COVID-19 are an example of how such social relationships are crucial in responding to uncertainty.
27 Mar 2020

Communication and engagement

UNI347833
Evidence Reviews

RCCE Strategies to Overcome COVID-19 Fatigue in the Eastern Mediterranean, Middle East and North Africa

This brief synthesises evidence published by UNICEF on social and cultural influences for sustained COVID-19 prevention and risk reduction behaviours in the Eastern Mediterranean / Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.
SSHAP
2020
Infographics

COVID-19: Implications of Cross-Border Traffic in Eastern and Southern Africa

Most countries have restricted entry to reduce transmission of COVID-19
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Wilson
Briefings

COVID-19 RCCE Strategies for Cross-Border Movement in Eastern and Southern Africa

Key considerations for risk communication and community engagement strategies
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Adelson
Briefings

Online Information, Mis- and Disinformation in the Context of COVID-19

Practical considerations relating to flows of information, misinformation and disinformation though online media, particularly social media networks.
SSHAP
2020
Infographics

COVID-19: Online Information

What can public bodies do to communicate accurate information and prevent disinformation?
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/Dejongh
Briefings

Risks Related to Population Movement and Gatherings During Ramadan

Key considerations in relation to COVID-19 during the holy month of Ramadan on the continent of Africa.
Anthrologica
2020
UNICEF/UNI186557/Nijimbere
Briefings

Do You Speak COVID-19?

Millions of marginalised people lack basic information about how to keep themselves and their communities safe and well.
Translators Without Borders
2020
UNICEF/Souleiman
blog
Public health officials fear elevated risk of COVID-19 spread during mass gatherings events, such as prayers, pilgrimages, communal meals, feasts and celebrations.
6 May 2020

Death, burials and mourning

UNI231358
Background Reports

Death and Funerary Practices in the Context of Epidemics: Upholding the Rights of Religious Minorities

An exploration of the conflict between biomedical understandings of death and funerary practices within epidemic responses, and religious minorities’ freedom of belief and practice
Institute of Development Studies
2020
UNICEF | UNI317735 | Hing
Briefings

Dying, Bereavement and Mortuary and Funerary Practices in the Context of COVID-19

Key considerations for events related to death, burial, funerals (rites, ceremonies and practices) and mourning.
SSHAP
2020
UNICEF/UNI177688/UNMEER Martine Perret
Tools

Assessing Key Considerations for Burial Practices, Death and Mourning in Epidemics

Highlighting key considerations for rapidly appraising burial/funerary practices and beliefs around death/dying during an epidemic.
SSHAP
2020
Infographics

Strategies To Support Those Affected By Deaths During The COVID-19 Outbreak

Changes to customary burial and funeral practices can have long-term consequences for people's psychosocial health.
SSHAP
2020

Notes from the field

Constance Mackworth-Young
blog
An under-resourced Zimbabwean health system is sagging under the weight of existing health and economic issues.
22 May 2020
UNICEF/Shadid
blog
The standard WHO model of response can be experienced very, very differently in a remote Ugandan village.
8 Apr 2020
UNICEF/Dejongh
Field Notes

“Hunger will kill us before the coronavirus does!”

Africa is particularly vulnerable to the coronavirus and the effects of restrictions.
Infectious Diseases Research Collaboration and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
2020