As a contribution to international, regional and national processes aimed at informing state building in South Sudan, the African Research and Resource Forum in partnership with University of Juba, organised a two-day international dialogue called “State Building and Development in South Sudan” in Juba in 2011. It brought together national and local government officials and political leaders, academics, civil society, development partners and the media.

The objective was to critically examine and evaluate the post-conflict reforms in Southern Sudan, to inform debate and consensus on the salient features, challenges and future direction of the post-conflict reforms.

This publication is an outcome of the dialogue. It is comprised of five papers and two speeches. The papers examine a range of topics, including challenges of state building and development; human resource capacity development; security challenges; South Sudan-Sudan cross- border relations; liberation movements with post-Liberation state-building; and South Sudan’s foreign policy options.