This report aims to clarify reasons for increased intra-south violence in South Sudan. By reflecting on how people living and working in Southern Sudan experienced events since the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), this report looks at ways in which intra-southern structures and international approaches created new predicaments of peace, and contributed to the dynamics of ongoing conflict. It questions established narratives about the influence of the government of Khartoum or ‘tribalism’ being at the heart of the region’s problems.

The report finds that other issues, some of which have been ignored or underemphasised – such as the lack of internal border demarcations – have a direct impact on local violence. It also identifies problems with the development/reconstruction/peace-building approach that have exacerbated tensions.